Disadari atau tidak, mau atau tidak mau tahun 2020 adalah tahun booming produk Internet of Thing (IoT), Siap atau tidak, IoT akan mendatangi kita. Dengan perkiraan jumlah penduduk dunia mencapai 7 milyar orang dan penggunaan IPv6, bukan hal yang mustahil jika setiap orang akan memiliki 1000 (seribu) IP Publik.
Apa itu Internet of Thing (IoT)?
Gambar ini menjelaskan seperti apa gambaran IoT dimasa yang akan datang.
Perkiraan 50 Besar Aplikasi IoT yang diperkirakan paling dibutuhkan:Â
I. Smart Cities
Monitoring of parking spaces availability in the city.
Monitoring of vibrations and material conditions in buildings, bridges and historical monuments.
Noise Urban Maps
Sound monitoring in bar areas and centric zones in real time.
Detect iPhone and Android devices and in general any device which works with WiFi or Bluetooth interfaces.
Eletromagnetic Field Levels
Measurement of the energy radiated by cell stations and and WiFi routers.
Monitoring of vehicles and pedestrian levels to optimize driving and walking routes.
Intelligent and weather adaptive lighting in street lights.
Detection of rubbish levels in containers to optimize the trash collection routes.
Intelligent Highways with warning messages and diversions according to climate conditions and unexpected events like accidents or traffic jams.
II. Smart Environment
Forest Fire Detection
Monitoring of combustion gases and preemptive fire conditions to define alert zones.
Control of CO2 emissions of factories, pollution emitted by cars and toxic gases generated in farms.
Snow Level Monitoring
Snow level measurement to know in real time the quality of ski tracks and allow security corps avalanche prevention.
Landslide and Avalanche Prevention
Monitoring of soil moisture, vibrations and earth density to detect dangerous patterns in land conditions.
Earthquake Early Detection
Distributed control in specific places of tremors.
III. Smart Water
Potable water monitoring
Monitor the quality of tap water in cities.
Chemical leakage detection in rivers
Detect leakages and wastes of factories in rivers.
Swimming pool remote measurement
Control remotely the swimming pool conditions.
Pollution levels in the sea
Control realtime leakages and wastes in the sea.
Detection of liquid presence outside tanks and pressure variations along pipes.
Monitoring of water level variations in rivers, dams and reservoirs.
IV. Smart Metering
Energy consumption monitoring and management.
Monitoring of water, oil and gas levels in storage tanks and cisterns.
Monitoring and optimization of performance in solar energy plants.
Measurement of water pressure in water transportation systems.
Silos Stock Calculation
Measurement of emptiness level and weight of the goods.
V. Security & Emergencies
Perimeter Access Control
Access control to restricted areas and detection of people in non-authorized areas.
Liquid detection in data centers, warehouses and sensitive building grounds to prevent break downs and corrosion.
Distributed measurement of radiation levels in nuclear power stations surroundings to generate leakage alerts.
Explosive and Hazardous Gases
Detection of gas levels and leakages in industrial environments, surroundings of chemical factories and inside mines.
Supply Chain Control
Monitoring of storage conditions along the supply chain and product tracking for traceability purposes.
Payment processing based in location or activity duration for public transport, gyms, theme parks, etc.
Intelligent Shopping Applications
Getting advices in the point of sale according to customer habits, preferences, presence of allergic components for them or expiring dates.
Smart Product Management
Control of rotation of products in shelves and warehouses to automate restocking processes.
Quality of Shipment Conditions
Monitoring of vibrations, strokes, container openings or cold chain maintenance for insurance purposes.
Search of individual items in big surfaces like warehouses or harbours.
Storage Incompatibility Detection
Warning emission on containers storing inflammable goods closed to others containing explosive material.
Control of routes followed for delicate goods like medical drugs, jewels or dangerous merchandises.
VIII. Industrial Control
Machine auto-diagnosis and assets control.
Indoor Air Quality
Monitoring of toxic gas and oxygen levels inside chemical plants to ensure workers and goods safety.
Control of temperature inside industrial and medical fridges with sensitive merchandise.
Monitoring of ozone levels during the drying meat process in food factories.
Asset indoor location by using active (ZigBee) and passive tags (RFID/NFC).
Information collection from CanBus to send real time alarms to emergencies or provide advice to drivers.
IX. Smart Agriculture
Wine Quality Enhancing
Monitoring soil moisture and trunk diameter in vineyards to control the amount of sugar in grapes and grapevine health.
Control micro-climate conditions to maximize the production of fruits and vegetables and its quality.
Selective irrigation in dry zones to reduce the water resources required in the green.
Meteorological Station Network
Study of weather conditions in fields to forecast ice formation, rain, drought, snow or wind changes.
Control of humidity and temperature levels in alfalfa, hay, straw, etc. to prevent fungus and other microbial contaminants.
X. Smart Animal Farming
Control the exact conditions of plants grown in water to get the highest efficiency crops.
Control of growing conditions of the offspring in animal farms to ensure its survival and health.
Location and identification of animals grazing in open pastures or location in big stables.
Toxic Gas Levels
Study of ventilation and air quality in farms and detection of harmful gases from excrements.
XI. Domotic & Home Automation
Energy and Water Use
Energy and water supply consumption monitoring to obtain advice on how to save cost and resources.
Remote Control Appliances
Switching on and off remotely appliances to avoid accidents and save energy.
Intrusion Detection Systems
Detection of windows and doors openings and violations to prevent intruders.
Art and Goods Preservation
Monitoring of conditions inside museums and art warehouses.
Assistance for elderly or disabled people living independent.
Control of conditions inside freezers storing vaccines, medicines and organic elements.
Vital signs monitoring in high performance centers and fields.
Monitoring of conditions of patients inside hospitals and in old people’s home.
Measurement of UV sun rays to warn people not to be exposed in certain hours.