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Apa itu Internet of Thing

Disadari atau tidak, mau atau tidak mau tahun 2020 adalah tahun booming produk Internet of Thing (IoT), Siap atau tidak, IoT akan mendatangi kita. Dengan perkiraan jumlah penduduk dunia mencapai 7 milyar orang dan penggunaan IPv6, bukan hal yang mustahil jika setiap orang akan memiliki 1000 (seribu) IP Publik.

Apa itu Internet of Thing (IoT)?

Gambar ini menjelaskan seperti apa gambaran IoT dimasa yang akan datang.

libelium_smart_world_infographic
libelium_smart_world_infographic

Perkiraan 50 Besar Aplikasi IoT yang diperkirakan paling dibutuhkan: 

I. Smart Cities

01
Smart Parking
Monitoring of parking spaces availability in the city.
02
Structural health
Monitoring of vibrations and material conditions in buildings, bridges and historical monuments.
03
Noise Urban Maps
Sound monitoring in bar areas and centric zones in real time.
04
Smartphone Detection
Detect iPhone and Android devices and in general any device which works with WiFi or Bluetooth interfaces.
05
Eletromagnetic Field Levels
Measurement of the energy radiated by cell stations and and WiFi routers.
06
Traffic Congestion
Monitoring of vehicles and pedestrian levels to optimize driving and walking routes.
07
Smart Lighting
Intelligent and weather adaptive lighting in street lights.
08
Waste Management
Detection of rubbish levels in containers to optimize the trash collection routes.
09
Smart Roads
Intelligent Highways with warning messages and diversions according to climate conditions and unexpected events like accidents or traffic jams.

II. Smart Environment
10
Forest Fire Detection
Monitoring of combustion gases and preemptive fire conditions to define alert zones.
11
Air Pollution
Control of CO2 emissions of factories, pollution emitted by cars and toxic gases generated in farms.
12
Snow Level Monitoring
Snow level measurement to know in real time the quality of ski tracks and allow security corps avalanche prevention.
13
Landslide and Avalanche Prevention
Monitoring of soil moisture, vibrations and earth density to detect dangerous patterns in land conditions.
14
Earthquake Early Detection
Distributed control in specific places of tremors.

III. Smart Water
15
Potable water monitoring
Monitor the quality of tap water in cities.
16
Chemical leakage detection in rivers
Detect leakages and wastes of factories in rivers.
17
Swimming pool remote measurement
Control remotely the swimming pool conditions.
18
Pollution levels in the sea
Control realtime leakages and wastes in the sea.
19
Water Leakages
Detection of liquid presence outside tanks and pressure variations along pipes.
20
River Floods
Monitoring of water level variations in rivers, dams and reservoirs.

IV. Smart Metering
21
Smart Grid
Energy consumption monitoring and management.
22
Tank level
Monitoring of water, oil and gas levels in storage tanks and cisterns.
23
Photovoltaic Installations
Monitoring and optimization of performance in solar energy plants.
24
Water Flow
Measurement of water pressure in water transportation systems.
25
Silos Stock Calculation
Measurement of emptiness level and weight of the goods.

V. Security & Emergencies
26
Perimeter Access Control
Access control to restricted areas and detection of people in non-authorized areas.
27
Liquid Presence
Liquid detection in data centers, warehouses and sensitive building grounds to prevent break downs and corrosion.
28
Radiation Levels
Distributed measurement of radiation levels in nuclear power stations surroundings to generate leakage alerts.
29
Explosive and Hazardous Gases
Detection of gas levels and leakages in industrial environments, surroundings of chemical factories and inside mines.

VI. Retail
30
Supply Chain Control
Monitoring of storage conditions along the supply chain and product tracking for traceability purposes.
31
NFC Payment
Payment processing based in location or activity duration for public transport, gyms, theme parks, etc.
32
Intelligent Shopping Applications
Getting advices in the point of sale according to customer habits, preferences, presence of allergic components for them or expiring dates.
33
Smart Product Management
Control of rotation of products in shelves and warehouses to automate restocking processes.

VII. Logistics

34
Quality of Shipment Conditions
Monitoring of vibrations, strokes, container openings or cold chain maintenance for insurance purposes.
35
Item Location
Search of individual items in big surfaces like warehouses or harbours.
36
Storage Incompatibility Detection
Warning emission on containers storing inflammable goods closed to others containing explosive material.
37
Fleet Tracking
Control of routes followed for delicate goods like medical drugs, jewels or dangerous merchandises.

VIII. Industrial Control

38
M2M Applications
Machine auto-diagnosis and assets control.
39
Indoor Air Quality
Monitoring of toxic gas and oxygen levels inside chemical plants to ensure workers and goods safety.
40
Temperature Monitoring
Control of temperature inside industrial and medical fridges with sensitive merchandise.
41
Ozone Presence
Monitoring of ozone levels during the drying meat process in food factories.
42
Indoor Location
Asset indoor location by using active (ZigBee) and passive tags (RFID/NFC).
43
Vehicle Auto-diagnosis
Information collection from CanBus to send real time alarms to emergencies or provide advice to drivers.

IX. Smart Agriculture
44
Wine Quality Enhancing
Monitoring soil moisture and trunk diameter in vineyards to control the amount of sugar in grapes and grapevine health.
45
Green Houses
Control micro-climate conditions to maximize the production of fruits and vegetables and its quality.
46
Golf Courses
Selective irrigation in dry zones to reduce the water resources required in the green.
47
Meteorological Station Network
Study of weather conditions in fields to forecast ice formation, rain, drought, snow or wind changes.
48
Compost
Control of humidity and temperature levels in alfalfa, hay, straw, etc. to prevent fungus and other microbial contaminants.

X. Smart Animal Farming

49
Hydroponics
Control the exact conditions of plants grown in water to get the highest efficiency crops.
50
Offspring Care
Control of growing conditions of the offspring in animal farms to ensure its survival and health.
51
Animal Tracking
Location and identification of animals grazing in open pastures or location in big stables.
52
Toxic Gas Levels
Study of ventilation and air quality in farms and detection of harmful gases from excrements.

XI. Domotic & Home Automation

53
Energy and Water Use
Energy and water supply consumption monitoring to obtain advice on how to save cost and resources.
54
Remote Control Appliances
Switching on and off remotely appliances to avoid accidents and save energy.
55
Intrusion Detection Systems
Detection of windows and doors openings and violations to prevent intruders.
56
Art and Goods Preservation
Monitoring of conditions inside museums and art warehouses.

XII. eHealth

57
Fall Detection
Assistance for elderly or disabled people living independent.
58
Medical Fridges
Control of conditions inside freezers storing vaccines, medicines and organic elements.
59
Sportsmen Care
Vital signs monitoring in high performance centers and fields.
60
Patients Surveillance
Monitoring of conditions of patients inside hospitals and in old people’s home.
61
Ultraviolet Radiation
Measurement of UV sun rays to warn people not to be exposed in certain hours.

Sumber: http://www.libelium.com/top_50_iot_sensor_applications_ranking/

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